Histroy:

Karimnagar(కరీంనగర్ ), the administrative headquarters of the Karimnagar District, is situated 160 km north east of Hyderabad in Telangana State . The city was named after Syed Karimuddin, who is thought to be its founder. Karimnagar was formerly known as 'Sabbinadu' and inscriptions of the Kakatiya king Prola II and Prataparudra found at Karimnagar and Srisailam suggest evidence of its rich history. Karimnagar is a prominent agricultural center in the state.

Karimnagar district is bounded by Warangal and Medak districts in the South, Nizamabad district in the West, Madhya Pradesh state in the east and Adilabad district in the North directions.The name Karimnagar is derived from Syed Karimuddin, a Quiladar. It is known for Vedic learning from ancient times. Karimnagar is located at a distance of 165 Km from Hyderabad

The locals specialise in Silver Filigree, a delicate form of metal work.The history of the Karimnagar district starts from the Old Stone Age i.e. from 1,48,000 BC. It is evident from the tools, culture and other materials found at different places in Karimnagar. The exhaustions at Pedda Bonkur, Dhollikatte and Kotilingalu are evidences for history. From these evidences it is concluded that Karimnagar is ruled by Shathavahanas. After Shathavahanas Mourya Kings, Asafzalu Kings ruled over Karimnagar. The buildings, constructions made by these kings are today remarkable evidences of the history.

District Map:

 

                                                                        

 

KARIMNAGAR DISTRICT AT A GLANCE:

The district Comprises (5) Revenue Divisions (i.e., Karimnagar, Jagtial, Peddapally, Manthani, and Siricilla) consisting of 57 Mandals (Mandal is an administrative unit with 15-20 villages having a population ranging from 30,000 â€" 50,000) with a geographical area of 11,89,004 Ha.

The district is located between 170-50’-00” and 190-05’-00” Northern latitude and 780-29’-00” and 780-22’-00” Eastern longitude. The district is bordered in the south by Warangal and Medak districts, in North by Adilabad District in west by Nizamabad district and in the East by Basthar District of Madhya Pradesh State (Now in Chathisghar state).

PHYSIOGRAPHY:

The district can be broadly classified as an undulating terrain punctuated with Northwest and Southwest-running hill ranges. Isolated smooth rounded hillock called Inselburges spread over throughout. The district forest cover is mostly confined to the hill ranges in the East, West and northern regions of the District.

CLIMATE:

Karimnagar District,climatic conditions of the district are moderate to extreme and Ramagundam area is known to be one of the hottest places in the state. The months of March, April and May will experience severe summer season and normally monsoon sets-in in the month of June. Based on the temperature and rainfall and rainfall pattern, the district has been classified as Sub-tropical and Semi-Arid area.

AGRO-CLIMATIC CONDITIONS:

 

Agro-ecologically Karimnagar district represents Agro-ecological Region 7.2 Plateau (K6D2) i.e, platean (K) with deep loamy clayey mixed red & black soils and semi-arid climate and growing period 120 â€" 150 day’s.

SOILS:

Soils of the district are predominantly sandy-loam and red Chelkas interspersed with Black cotton soils. The soils in general are shallow with low fertility status except part of Peddapally, Manthani, Jagtial and Metpally areas and soils along the banks of Godavari river and its tributaries like Manair and Peddavagu etc., The soils exhibit a significant responsiveness for better management practices and balanced use of manures and fertilizers.

RAINFALL:

 

The normal rainfall of the district is 954.10mm. Nearly 80% of the total rainfall is generally received from South â€" West monsoon period, i.e. June to September.

WATER RESOURCES:

Karimnagar district has been identified as intensive agricultural economic zone. The total irrigated area in the district constitutes 50.78% of the total cropped area. The irrigated area under well account for 90,369 Ha followed by MI tanks, Kuntas 30,199 Ha; Canals 27,999 Ha and Lift Irrigation Schemes 2061 Ha. Sri Ram Saga Project (SRSP) Covers (35) Mandals in the district and irrigate an area of 1,05,371 Ha localized for wet and 6,981 Ha for ID crops above Lower Maniar Dam and 15,409 Ha localized below Lower Manair Project.

POWER:

All the villages in the District are electrified; 1,85,286 wells have been energized so far out of 1,98,567 wells in the District.

INDUSTRIES:

The District occupies a significant place in the industrial sector with the following Major Industries.

1.Coal mines of Singareni Collories Company Ltd, at Godavarikhani.

2.N.T.P.C. at Ramagundam.

3.Kesoram Cement Factory at Basanth nagar.

4.Nizam Sugar Factory at Muthyampet.

5.Granite Industries.

Population:

 

In 2011, Karimnagar had population of 3,811,738 of which male and female were 1,897,068 and 1,914,670 respectively. In 2001 census, Karimnagar had a population of 3,491,822 of which male were 1,747,968 and remaining 1,743,854 were female.There was change of 9.16 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001.

Density:

Karimnagar district density is 322 people per sq. km. as per 2011. In 2001, Karimnagar district density was at 295 people per sq. km. Karimnagar district administers 11,823 square kilometers of areas.

Sex Ratio:

As per latest reports of Census 2011, Karimnagar district sex ratio is 1009 per 1000 male compared to 2001 census figure of 998. The average national sex ratio in India is 940. In 2011 census, child sex ratio is 937 girls per 1000 boys compared to figure of 962 girls per 1000 boys of 2001 census data.

Urban Population:

As per 2011 census, 26.08 % population of Karimnagar districts lives in urban regions of district. In total 9,94,231 people lives in urban areas of which male are 5,00,473 and female are 4,93,758. Sex Ratio in urban region of Karimnagar district is 987 as per 2011 census data. Similarly child (0-6age) sex ratio in Karimnagar district is 942 in 2011 census. Child population (0-6) in urban region is 89,625 of which male and female are 46,144 and 43,481. This child population figure of Karimnagar district is 9.22 % of total urban population.

Rural Population:

As per 2011 census, 73.92 % population of Karimnagar districts lives in rural areas of villages. The total Karimnagar district population living in rural areas is 28,17,507 of which male and female are 13,96,595 and 14,20,912 respectively. In rural areas of Karimnagar district, sex ratio is 1017 female per 1000 male. If child (0-6 age) sex ratio data of Karimnagar district is 935 girls per 1000 boys. Child population in the age 0-6 is 2,33,272 in rural areas of which male are 1,20,554 and female are 1,12,718. The child population comprises 8.63 % of total rural population of Karimnagar district.

Literacy:

In 2011, Total literates in Karimnagar District are 22,63,247 of which male and female are 12,92,858 and 9,70,389 respectively. In 2001, Karimnagar District had 16,61,089 of which male and female were 10,13,328 and 6,47,761 respectively.

Average literacy rate of Karimnagar in 2011 are 64.87 % of which male and female literacy rate are 74.72% and 55.18% respectively. In 2001,Karimnagar District had 54.90% of which male and female literacy rate were 67.09% and 42.75% respectively.

Urban Literacy:

As per 2011 census, 7,09,240 people are literates in urban region which male and female are 3,91,386 and 3,17,854 respectively.

Average Urban literacy rate in Karimnagar district as per census 2011 is 78.40 % of which male and female literacy rate are 86.15 % and 70.59 % respectively.

Rural Literacy:

As per 2011 census, 15,54,007 people were literates in ruralregion which male and female are 9,01,472 and 6,52,535 respectively.

Average Literacy rate in rural areas of Karimnagar district as per census 2011 is 60.13% of which male and female literacy rate are 70.65% and 49.88% respectively.

Education:

Karimnagar is a major education centre in North Telangana. Karimnagar has produced many renowned intellectuals, politicians, poets and technologists over several decades.P.V. Narasimha Rao, former Indian Prime Minister is one among them and Justice N. Kumarayya, who retired as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh and worked for five years as a Judge of the World Bank Administrative Tribunal from 1980. He had the unique distinction of being the first Osmanian ever to become a Judge of High Court in 1955 and later as Chief Justice of Andhra Pradesh in 1969.Many software students, born and educated in Karimnagar, have migrated to major metropolitan areas in India and across the globe.Karimnagar has Universities, Schools and Colleges.

HEALTH:

There are 73 Primary Health Centers working in Karimnagar District. 65 PHCs are running in their own buildings. In addition, there are 571 Sub Centers working in the district. Of which 72 Sub Centres are working in their own buildings, buildings are being constructed under IPP 4 for 27 sub centers and balance (472) sub centres are working in rented buildings which needs permanent buildings to provide good medical facilitites to the Rural poor.

PILIGRIMAGE CENTERS:

This District is having many important piligrimage centers; the noted among them are Vemulawada, Kaleshwaram, Kondagattu and Dharmapuri. The cultural importance for this District has come of ago due to River Godavari bordering along its northern boundary. These temples attract every year a large number of piligrims from all parts of the State and also from other states.

About Zill Parishad:

 

In India, The Zilla parishad is the third tier of the Panchayati Raj system. Zilla parishad is a local government body at the district level in India. Zilla Parishad is an elected body. Chairpersons are also represented in Zilla Parishad. The members of the State Legislature and the members of the Parliament are members of the Zilla Parishad.

Members of the Zilla Parishad are elected from the district on the basis of adult franchise for a term of five years. Zilla Parishad has minimum of 50 and maximum of 75 members. There are seats reserved for Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes, Backward Classes and Women.

Councillors chosen by direct election from electoral divisions in the District and The Chairmen of all the Mandals form the members of Zilla Parishad. The Parishad is headed by a President and a Vice-President.

Administrative structure:

The Chief Executive Officer (CEO), who is an IAS officer, heads the administrative machinery of the Zilla Parishad. He is called District magistrate also. The CEO supervises the divisions of the Parishad and executes its development schemes.

Functions:

1. It Examines and approves the Budget of ZP and MPs in District.

2. Distribute the funds allotted to the District by the Central and State Government among ZP and MPs.

3. Coordinates and consolidates the plans of the MPs in the District.

4. Execution of Plans, Projects and Schemes.

5. Supervises the activities of MPs in the District.

6. Performs such other powers and functions in relation to development programs confer by the

Government.

7. Advices the Government an allocation of work among GPs and MPs and coordination among GPs and

MPs and coordination between said the bodies.

8. Establish maintain or expand secondary Vocational and industrial schools.

9. Levies contributions from the funds of Mandal Parishads in the District with approval of the

Government.

Sources of Income:

1. Taxes on water, pilgrimage, markets, etc.

2. Fixed grant from the State Government in proportion with the land revenue and money for works and Schemes assigned to the Parishad.

 

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